Elgin, the county’s northernmost city, is tucked against the Blue Mountains. Located on the banks of the Grande Ronde River, the community is surrounded by rugged mountains and tall fir trees. Elgin began as a trading area in 1882. Since its charter, the community has depended primarily on logging, agriculture, and cattle ranching as economic mainstays. Elgin is home to two Boise Cascade facilities, a stud mill and plywood plant, creating hundreds of family-wage jobs, a business park, and several cottage businesses.